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Common Eye Conditions & Diseases

Patient education is very important in our practice. We welcome your questions before, during, and after your eye exam.

Hyperopia (Farsighted)

  • a condition in which the eyes must exert extra focussing effort to see objects clearly, especially at close distances
  • can cause fatigue, blurred vision, headaches, lack of concentration ad crossed eyes
  • occurs when the length of the eyeball is shorter than average

Myopia (Nearsighted)

  • a condition in which near objects are seen clearly however distant objects appear blurred
  • occurs when the eyeball is longer than average


  • a condition in which objects appear distorted or blurred, both at distance and near
  • can cause headaches, eyestrain and a head turn to one side
  • occurs when the cornea (front surface of the eye) is not evenly curved and is more oval than round


  • a natural aging process that results in difficulty focussing on objects up close
  • typically begins around age 40
  • common symptoms are blurred vision, eye fatigue and headaches when attempting to do close work


  • a clouding of the natural crystalline lens
  • typically occurs after age 60
  • common symptoms are blurred vision, film over the eyes, glare and light sensitivities


  • progressive optic nerve damage and vision loss usually due to an increase in pressure in the eyeball
  • most often there are no signs or symptoms

Macular Degeneration

  • the leading cause of blindness in people over the age of 65
  • an age related degeneration of a delicate part of the retina, the macula
  • symptoms are blurring or distortion of central vision

Dry Eye Syndrome (Ocular Surface Disease)

  • an imbalance in the three layered tear film
  • symptoms can be burning, tearing, redness, foreign body sensation and light sensitivity
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